International Research

Research Projects at Raytheon Anschütz

Since the first Anschütz gyro compass has been patented in 1904, Raytheon Anschütz has unveiled a number of innovations which have strongly influenced global shipping. Most innovations were aiming for more safety in navigation. The introduction of IMO-compliant Integrated Navigation Systems can be seen as the most recent step forward towards increased safety and reduced risk of accidents.  

Raytheon Anschütz, together with other leading maritime companies, participates in various research projects to further improve navigation technologies and safety at sea.

This is a selection of current and recent projects:

MTCAS – Maritime Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System

Collisions are a continual danger in every transport mode. In air and railway traffic, there are systems to assist in avoiding collisions and securing railroads. On the road traffic there are already mid-range automobiles equipped with sophisticated systems which detect potential collisions and even brake automatically.

Particularly in the increasing traffic density and growing ship dimensions of today’s maritime environment, a system assisting the ship’s crew in avoiding collisions, may substantially improve safety. Especially the hydrodynamics and the manoeuvring behaviour of large ships, such as 8.000+ TEU containerships present two main challenges: first reliable detection of unsafe situations and second, comprehensive support for the Officer of the Watch in planning and performing evasive manoeuvres.

Building on the aviation Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS), MTCAS will employ state-of the art information and communication technologies to develop solutions suitable to the rules and customs of international maritime traffic. Moreover, by estimating the intentions and movements of other ships, MTCAS will assist the bridge team to detect reliably manoeuvres of other ships as well as to improve significantly the quality and reliability of collisions warnings and alarms. MTCAS will provide components to support pro-active decision making on board as well as on shore as an enhancement of the Vessel Traffic Service (VTS).

Today, safety and efficiency of maritime traffic flow are ensured by the collaboration of the bridge team members and, in VTS-monitored areas, operators acting from on-shore centres. Previous research and technological development projects, such as COSINUS, MonaLisa and ACCSEAS introduced innovative approaches and solutions beyond existing standards for data exchange including route exchange and detection of manoeuvres. Those elements provide a good basis on which to develop, implement and test algorithms for detecting and visualizing the intentions of other targets from on board or on shore.

MTCAS aims at a sophisticated assessment of the level of risk and the danger of a collision and will research approaches for consistent triggering of situation-dependent warnings and alarms on-board and in a VTS centre. Furthermore, the system shall provide early information and suggestions for pro-active solution of critical situations by coordinated action of the targets involved. This includes reliable gathering of data for constructing the traffic image, enhanced fast-time simulation-based manoeuvre planning and prediction, as well as a partially automated negotiation of planned trajectories among ships and VTS. Especially, the selection of communication channels and protocols will be studied in close cooperation with other ongoing European projects such as EfficienSea2 and Sea Traffic Management (STM, the successor of MonaLisa2.0).

Besides consortium leader Raytheon Anschütz GmbH, the MTCAS partners are SIGNALIS GmbH, OFFIS - Institute for Informatics, the Institute of Innovative Ship-Simulation and Maritime Systems (ISSIMS) of Hochschule Wismar, University of Applied Sciences: Technology, Business and Design, as well as Institute of Communication and Navigation of the German Aerospace Centre (DLR).

The three year MTCAS R&D project is partly funded by the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy and will be concluded with a public event to demonstrate the technologies developed. In cooperation with public institutions and together with authorities the partners aim long-term at a global adoption of MTCAS.

Contact:

Project Manager: Dr.-Ing. Elke Gehrmann, Raytheon Anschütz GmbH, elke_gehrmann@raykiel.com, +49 431 3019 6789

Technology: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Axel Hahn, OFFIS – Institute for Informatics,
hahn@offis.de, +49 441 798 4480

MaReSX - Marine Radar with Digital Beamforming for S- and X-Band

The goal of the research project MaReSX is the exploration and development of an electronic beam-steering radar which can work simultaneously in both X- and S-band. Together with the use of two orthogonal polarizations (horizontal and vertical) a significant increase in performance compared to conventional magnetron radars is anticipated, in particular in adverse weather. Improved sensing and evaluation of the environment can also deliver information about oil slicks on the water, drifting ice and even objects just below the surface (e.g. reefs) and thus contribute to avoidance of damage to ship and environment.

The unification of these functions in a single system can be a relief for the bridge personnel in especially critical situations. Better monitoring of the nearby area should permit faster and safer execution of docking maneuvers. Besides the improved capacity, the multiple-channel architecture minimizes single points of failure and can thus improve safety even more.

CASCADe - Cooperative and Adaptive Ship-based Context Aware Design

The CASCADe project focusses on the navigator, as user of the bridge system. On the basis of various safety-related scenarios, an ergonomic, adaptive bridge is to be designed to meet the needs of the user. In experiments with seafarers the requirements of the end user are determined particularly with regard to bridge ergonomics and –software.

Learn more: www.cascadeproject.eu

COSINUS – Cooperative Shipping and Navigation at Sea

All over the world, ship traffic is steadily increasing; this is especially true for the already heavily traveled regions such as the German Bight. In addition, the existing sea lanes and alternative routes are increasingly limited by the construction of offshore wind parks.

The research project COSINUS addresses the resulting higher safety risk and investigates new possibilities for coordination between ship and shore with the help of a new situational display and maneuver prediction.

Learn more: www.emaritime.de/projects/cosinus/

See below a section of former research projects:

  • Advanced Radar Concept
    Development of a new radar technology which offers significantly enhanced flexibility and longer lifetime while reducing cost for maintenance and service. The radar developments were financed by the Programme for the Future–Economy. Click here to read more about the new radar.
  • Pirate and Terrorist Aversion System (PITAS)
    PITAS aims at improved security for crew, passengers, cargo and vessel. PITAS reduces risk of hijacking and terrorist attacks and enables the regular ship crew to respond in line with own security policies.
  • DGON (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ortung und Navigation)
    Architecture and design of future IBS concept, resulting in today's generation of Integrated Navigation.
  • Ocean Monitoring System (OMS)
    The OMS is a cost-effective modular system for oceans and coastal waters which enables environmental monitoring and forecasting as well as information, alarm and warning functions.